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Hispanic Demographics


 

Diverse Origins: The Nation’s 14 Largest Hispanic-Origin Groups

by Mark Hugo Lopez, Ana Gonzalez-Barrera and Danielle Cuddington Pew Research Center

The nation’s Latino population is diverse. Represented among the 51.9 million Latinos in the United States are individuals who trace their heritage to more than 20 Spanish-speaking nations worldwide. But one group—Mexicans—dominates the nation’s Latino population.

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  Hispanics: U.S. Demographic Snapshot  

Population

52 Million Hispanic in the U.S.  

Hispanics make 16% of the U.S. population

Source: US Census  

 

 

By Stephanie Czekalinski | National Journal

The Basics

50.5 million: The number of people identifying as Hispanic in the U.S. Hispanics make up 16% of the U.S. population.

27: The median age for Hispanics. The cohort is younger than the general U.S. public, which boasts a median age of 37.

22%: The percentage of Hispanics 25 years and over that some college or an associate’s degree. 27 percent have a high school diploma; while 38 percent have less than a high school diploma. About 9 percent percent have a bachelor’s degree.

62%: The percentage of Hispanics who possess at least a high school diploma or higher.

18.5 million: The number of Hispanics who were born in the U.S. Thirty-seven percent of Hispanics say they were born outside of the country.

16.2%: The largest plurality of Hispanics are employed in the educational services or health care industries. This is followed by arts, entertainment, and recreation (13 percent)  and retail trade (11.3 percent).

$42,151: The median family income for Hispanics. That’s much lower higher than the median income for U.S. families in general ($62,112).

23.3%: The percentage of Hispanics living in poverty status. That’s almost 10 points higher than the poverty rate overall of 14.4 percent.

Other Facts of Note

15.2 million: The growth of the Hispanic population between 2000 and 2010. More than half of the growth in the total population of the U.S. (27.3 million) between 2000 and 2010 was due to the increase in the Hispanic population.

43%: The rate at which the total population of those identifying as Hispanic a grew from 2000 to 2010. That’s four times the growth of the total population, about 10 percent.

41%: The percentage of Hispanics, in 2010, who lived in the West, the largest concentration. About 16 percent of Hispanics  lived in the South. In the Northeast and the Midwest, Hispanics accounted for 13 and 7 percent respectively.

 

 

Population

Latino population almost 14% of Utah’s population.

Categorized in Cities

West Valley City is 33% Hispanic

South Salt Lake is 29% Hispanic

Kearns is 33% Hispanic

Ogden is 30% Hispanic

Salt Lake City is 22% Hispanic

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau


 Growth Rate

Hispanic population in the U.S. grew 46% during the past decade

Nearly one person out of every six living in the U.S. is Hispanic Origin.

 

 

Growth Rate

Hispanics are the biggest and fastest growing ethnic group in Utah

Hispanic population in Utah grew 78% during the past decade, growing by nearly 157,000.

Salt Lake City is seeing tremendous growth among Hispanic under the age of 35. The largest segment of Latinos are between the ages of 25 an 34, with men (35,400) outnumbering women (27,300). 


Ethnicity

U.S. Hispanic Population, by Origin, 2010 (in thousands)

  1. 32,916 Mexicans (64.9%)
  2. 4,683 Puerto Ricans (9.2%)
  3. 1,884 Cubans (3.7%)
  4. 1,827 Salvadorans (3.6%)
  5. 1,509 Dominicans (3.0%)
  6. 1,108 Guatemalans (2.2%)
  7. 972 Colombians (1.9%)
  8. 731 Honduras  (1.4%)
  9. 665 Ecuadorians  (1.3%)
  10. 609 Peruvians (1.2%)

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Source: Pew Hispanic Center 

 

 

Ethnicity

Hispanic Origins

320,455 are Mexican,

7,175 are Guatemalans

9,000 are Salvadorans

6,730 are Peruvians

8,900 are Argentines and Chileans.

Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Ecuadorians, and Colombians also have significant communities that have sprouted in greater Salt Lake City.

 


continued  Diverse Origins: The Nation’s 14 Largest Hispanic-Origin Groups

In 2011, nearly two-thirds (64.6%) of U.S. Hispanics, or 33.5 million, traced their family origins to Mexico, according to Pew Research Center tabulations of the 2011 American Community Survey (ACS). By comparison, Puerto Ricans, the nation’s second largest Hispanic-origin group, number about 5 million and make up 9.5% of the total Hispanic population in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Following Mexicans and Puerto Ricans are Salvadorans, Cubans, Dominicans, Guatemalans, Colombians, Spaniards, Hondurans, Ecuadorians, Peruvians, Nicaraguans, Venezuelans and Argentineans. Together these 14 groups make up 95% of the U.S. Hispanic population.  Among them, six Hispanic origin groups have populations greater than 1 million.

Mexican-origin Hispanics have always been the largest Hispanic-origin group in the U.S. In 1860, for example, among the 155,000 Hispanics living in the U.S., 81% were of Mexican origin—a historic high. Since then the origins of the nation’s Hispanic population have diversified as growing numbers of immigrants from other Latin American nations and Puerto Rico settled in the U.S. For example, between 1930 and 1980, Hispanics from places other than Mexico nearly doubled their representation among U.S. Hispanics, from 22% to 41%. But with the arrival of large numbers of Mexican immigrants in the 1980s and 1990s, the Mexican share among Hispanics grew, rising to a recent peak of 66% in 2008. Since then it has declined slightly—to 65%—as Mexican migration to the U.S. has slowed.

The nation’s Hispanic-origin population differs in many other ways as well. For instance, U.S. Hispanics of Mexican origin have the lowest median age, at 25 years, while Hispanics of Cuban origin have the highest median age, at 40 years. Venezuelans are the most likely to have a college degree (51%) while Guatemalans and Salvadorans are among the least likely (7%). Argentineans have the highest annual median household income ($55,000) while Hondurans have the lowest ($31,000). Close to half (46%) of Hondurans and Guatemalans do not have health insurance while 15% of Puerto Ricans and Spaniards do not have health insurance. Further comparisons and rankings of the nation’s largest Hispanic-origin groups are shown in the appendix of this report.

Hispanics are the nation’s largest minority group. Estimates released last week by the U.S. Census Bureau show that the Hispanic population in 2012 was 53 million, making up 17% of the U.S. population. By comparison, non-Hispanic blacks, who are the nation’s second largest minority group, represent 12% of the nation’s population and non-Hispanic Asians rank third at 5%.

Hispanics are also the nation’s largest immigrant group and one of its fastest growing populations. According to the Census Bureau, Hispanic population growth between 2000 and 2010 accounted for more than half of the nation’s population growth . Among the nation’s 40.4 million immigrants, nearly half (47%) are Hispanic).

Accompanying this report are 14 statistical profiles—one for each of the 14 largest Hispanic-origin groups. Each statistical profile describes the demographic, employment and income characteristics of a Hispanic-origin population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Each origin group’s characteristics are compared with all Hispanics and the U.S. population overall.

 

 

 

 

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